David J Keyser PhD

Faith and Conscience Part I

Romans 14:23 (ASV) 

23 But he that doubteth is condemned if he eat, because he eateth not of faith; and whatsoever is not of faith is sin.

Romans 14:23 (AMP) 

23 But the man who has doubts (misgivings, an uneasy conscience) about eating, and then eats [perhaps because of you], stands condemned [before God], because he is not true to his convictions and he does not act from faith. For whatever does not originate and proceed from faith is sin [whatever is done without a conviction of its approval by God is sinful].

Romans 14:23 (CEB)

23 But those who have doubts are convicted if they go ahead and eat, because they aren’t acting on the basis of faith. Everything that isn’t based on faith is sin.

Romans 14:23 (CJB)

23 But the doubter comes under condemnation if he eats, because his action is not based on trust. And anything not based on trust is a sin.

Romans 14:23 (CEV) 

23 But if you do have doubts about what you eat, you are going against your beliefs. And you know that is wrong, because anything you do against your beliefs is sin.

Romans 14:23 (DARBY) 

23 But he that doubts, if he eat, is condemned; because [it is] not of faith; but whatever [is] not of faith is sin.

Romans 14:23 (EXB)

23 But those who eat something ·without being sure it is right [while doubting; with misgivings] are ·wrong [condemned] because they did not believe it was right. Anything that ·is done without believing it is right [or does not come from faith] is sin.

Romans 14:23 (HCSB) 

23 But whoever doubts stands condemned if he eats, because his eating is not from a conviction, and everything that is not from a conviction is sin.

Romans 14:23 (ISV) 

23 But the person who has doubts is condemned if he eats, because he does not act in faith; and anything that is not done in faith is sin.

Romans 14:23 (PHILLIPS)   

Your personal convictions are a matter of faith between yourself and God, and you are happy if you have no qualms about what you allow yourself to eat. Yet if a man eats meat with an uneasy conscience about it, you may be sure he is wrong to do so. For his action does not spring from his faith, and when we act apart from our faith we sin.

Romans 14:23 (TLB)

23 But anyone who believes that something he wants to do is wrong shouldn’t do it. He sins if he does, for he thinks it is wrong, and so for him it is wrong. Anything that is done apart from what he feels is right is sin.

Romans 14:22-23 (MSG) 

22-23 Cultivate your own relationship with God, but don’t impose it on others. You’re fortunate if your behavior and your belief are coherent. But if you’re not sure, if you notice that you are acting in ways inconsistent with what you believe—some days trying to impose your opinions on others, other days just trying to please them—then you know that you’re out of line. If the way you live isn’t consistent with what you believe, then it’s wrong.

Romans 14:23 (NIV) 

23 But whoever has doubts is condemned if they eat, because their eating is not from faith; and everything that does not come from faith is sin.

Romans 14:23 (NLT)

23 But if you have doubts about whether or not you should eat something, you are sinning if you go ahead and do it. For you are not following your convictions. If you do anything you believe is not right, you are sinning.

Romans 14:23 (VOICE) 

23 But a man who decides for himself what to eat is condemned because he is not living by his faith. Any action not consistent with faith is sin.

Romans 14:23 (YLT) 

23 and he who is making a difference, if he may eat, hath been condemned, because [it is] not of faith; and all that [is] not of faith is sin.

Faith and Conscience Part II

Paul and Peter on Conscience

Romans 2:15    KJV

Which shew the work of the law written in their hearts, their CONSCIENCE also bearing witness, and their thoughts the mean while accusing or else excusing one another;


Romans 9:1

I say the truth in Christ, I lie not, my CONSCIENCE also bearing me witness in the Holy Ghost,


Romans 13:5

Wherefore ye must needs be subject, not only for wrath, but also for CONSCIENCE sake.


1 Corinthians 8:7

Howbeit there is not in every man that knowledge: for some with CONSCIENCE of the idol unto this hour eat it as a thing offered unto an idol; and their CONSCIENCE being weak is defiled.


1 Corinthians 8:10

For if any man see thee which hast knowledge sit at meat in the idol's temple, shall not the CONSCIENCE of him which is weak be emboldened to eat those things which are offered to idols;


1 Corinthians 8:12

But when ye sin so against the brethren, and wound their weak CONSCIENCE, ye sin against Christ.


1 Corinthians 10:25

Whatsoever is sold in the shambles,  that eat, asking no question for CONSCIENCE sake:


1 Corinthians 10:27

If any of them that believe not bid you to a feast, and ye be disposed to go; whatsoever is set before you, eat, asking no question for CONSCIENCE sake.


1 Corinthians 10:28

But if any man say unto you, this is offered in sacrifice unto idols, eat not for his sake that shewed it, and for CONSCIENCE sake: for the earth is the Lord's, and the fulness thereof:


1 Corinthians 10:29

CONSCIENCE, I say, not thine own, but of the other: for why is my liberty judged of another man's CONSCIENCE?

2 Corinthians 1:12

For our rejoicing is this, the testimony of our CONSCIENCE, that in simplicity and godly sincerity, not with fleshly wisdom, but by the grace of God, we have had our conversation in the world, and more abundantly to you-ward.


2 Corinthians 4:2

But have renounced the hidden things of dishonesty, not walking in craftiness, nor handling the word of God deceitfully; but by manifestation of the truth commending ourselves to every man's CONSCIENCE in the sight of God.


2 Corinthians 5:11

Knowing therefore the terror of the Lord, we persuade men; but we are made manifest unto God; and I trust also are made manifest in your CONSCIENCEs.


1 Timothy 1:5

Now the end of the commandment is charity out of a pure heart, and of a good CONSCIENCE, and of faith unfeigned:


1 Timothy 1:19

Holding faith, and a good CONSCIENCE; which some having put away concerning faith have made shipwreck:


1 Timothy 3:9

Holding the mystery of the faith in a pure CONSCIENCE.


1 Timothy 4:2

Speaking lies in hypocrisy; having their CONSCIENCE seared with a hot iron;


2 Timothy 1:3

I thank God, whom I serve from my forefathers with pure CONSCIENCE, that without ceasing I have remembrance of thee in my prayers night and day;

Titus 1:15

Unto the pure all things are pure: but unto them that are defiled and unbelieving is nothing pure; but even their mind and CONSCIENCE is defiled.


Hebrews 9:9

Which was a figure for the time then present, in which were offered both gifts and sacrifices, that could not make him that did the service perfect, as pertaining to the CONSCIENCE;


Hebrews 9:14

How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your CONSCIENCE from dead works to serve the living God?


Hebrews 10:2

For then would they not have ceased to be offered? because that the worshippers once purged should have had no more CONSCIENCE of sins.


Hebrews 10:22

Let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil CONSCIENCE, and our bodies washed with pure water.


Hebrews 13:18

Pray for us: for we trust we have a good CONSCIENCE, in all things willing to live honestly.


1 Peter 2:19

For this is thankworthy, if a man for CONSCIENCE toward God endure grief, suffering wrongfully.


1 Peter 3:16

Having a good CONSCIENCE; that, whereas they speak evil of you, as of evildoers, they may be ashamed that falsely accuse your good conversation in Christ.


1 Peter 3:21

The like figure whereunto even baptism doth also now save us (not the putting away of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good CONSCIENCE toward God, by the resurrection of Jesus Christ:

1 John 3:19-21And hereby we know that we are of the truth, and shall assure our hearts before him. 20 For if our heart condemn us, God is greater than our heart, and knoweth all things. 21 Beloved, if our heart condemn us not, then have we confidence toward God.